What I want to show, however, is not simply what we intend to do, but to also explain why this is different from a Web Portal. In a recent discussion between the IT Officer for Anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History (New York), Jim and I, it became clear that what we are doing could easily be confused with a Portal. Or, worse in my mind, that it could be assumed that there would be little difference between what we are doing and a Portal. In fact, I think that what we are doing is fundamentally different, and even opposed, to what Portals do. Here is why.
If you will pardon me drawing a definition from Wikipedia, a Web Portal is "a web site that function as a point of access to information on the World Wide Web. A portal presents information from diverse sources in a unified way." (Wikipedia, emphasis added). Wikipedia goes on to say that a Portal "provide[s] a way for enterprises to provide a consistent look and feel with access control and procedures for multiple applications and databases, which otherwise would have been different entities altogether." This is the key difference to what we are trying to do and what Web Portals are trying to do. Whereas a Web Portal takes a diverse set of resources, centralizes them and gives them a single "enterprise" identity, what we are trying to do is the opposite. We are trying to do is to take a diverse set of resources, distribute them as filtered sets to diverse expert communities, so that these filtered sets of resources can be localized and used in completely different ways.
The difference between a Web Portal and our approach is not simply superficial, but goes right down to our understanding of what Knowledge is. Where the assumption about knowledge in a Web Portal, and most "knowledge systems," is that knowledge is an accumulated resource, a set of commodities that gain their power as knowledge through their packaging or their organizing, we accept a different, less colonial, view of knowledge. We see knowledge not as a set of proscriptively ordered and presented resources, but as a personal, local and community achievement. Knowledge, for us, is something you do, and do skillfully, not something you acquire, proffer or stockpile.
So the difference may seem subtle, even trivial, but is in fact fundamental. A Web Portal seeks to share information resources between individuals and communities through a unified, proscribed and centralized system -- an enterprise system much like a museum or archive. However, what we trying to do is to share information resources between individuals and communities by distributing those resources into the diverse local systems so that they can be directly used to build local knowledge. While a Web Portal is, by its very nature, a system that creates a unified identity for information, and information use, through its "enterprise" identity, our system seeks to fundamentally undermine this universalizing and commodifying approach to knowledge by radically replacing unity and centralization with diversity and localization.